Doctorate of Chiropractic degree (D.C.) in 1977 from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College in Toronto.
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When To Consult A Chiropractor
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Canada has more than 6,000 practicing chiropractors who treat approximately 5 million Canadians annually (Canadian Journal of Public Health 1997).

Chiropractic is legally regulated by statutes in every Canadian province and in every American state.

In 1995 it was reported that 44% of medical physicians in Ontario and Alberta referred patients to chiropractors (Canadian Family Physician 1995;41).

Chiropractic care has often been proven in RESEARCH to be of superior benefit in reducing pain, impairments, and disability eg. randomized clinical trial in the journal Spine 2001;26(7), Annals of Internal Medicine 2002;136, Clinical Journal of Pain 2001;17(4), Spine 1996;21, JMPT 2001;24(7), British Medical Journal 1996;313, Manual Therapy 2005;10;  British Medical Journal 2006;332:1430; Canadian Family Physician 1985;31:535; Phys. Ther. 1994;74(12):1093; Pain 1993;54:353; Spine 1992; …. Such research is continuously ongoing and will be included as updates on this website.

 

GOVERNMENT-COMMISSIONED APPROVAL OF CHIROPRACTIC SERVICES & RESEARCH EVIDENCE

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Meade et al in British Medical Journal (BMJ) 1990 (10 year study) followed by same authors in BMJ 1995
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Ontario Ministry of Health 1993 Manga Commission concluded that spinal adjustment by chiropractors is more effective that alternate treatments for low back pain and that there would be significant cost-saving to the health care system if more management was transferred from medical doctors to chiropractors.

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Ontario Ministry of Health 1994 Wells Commission concluded that on the grounds of effectiveness, safety, patient satisfaction, and public acceptance of chiropractic services, that such services should continue to be funded by the Ontario Ministry of Health.

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Clinical Standards Advisory Group, 1994, Her Majesty’s Services, U.K. recommended chiropractic adjustments plus physical activity.
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1994 Rosen & Breen in  Management Guidelines for Low Back Pain, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (U.K).

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New Zealand’s Guidelines Group1997 was a government-sponsored, evidence-based guideline based on extensive review of international literature and wide consultation with health professions and recommended chiropractic adjustments as appropriate treatment for pain relief and improved mobility for acute low back pain.

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Low Back Pain Evidence Review 1997 Royal College of General Practitioners confirmed that there is strong evidence for chiropractic adjustments to provide improvement in back pain and activity levels, and found higher levels of satisfaction than with other treatment professions.

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1997 U.S. Dep’t. Health & Human Services’ Agency for Health Care Policy & Research (AHCPR) deemed that chiropractic manipulation be a treatment of choice for low back pain.

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Brontfort et al in Efficacy of Manual Therapies of The Spine 1997

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Low back Pain Management Danish Health Technology 1999 stated that chiropractic adjustment is indicated for management of acute pain and to improve function, and should be included for use in patients who experience pain for longer than 2-3 days, as well as for chronic, recurrent low back pain and for nerve root and disc conditions.

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in 2001 the Royal College of General Practitioners published an updated review of the research evidence and once again reiterated their conclusions of 1994.

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In December  2001 the Ontario Workplace & Safety Board (WSIB)  published guidelines partly authored by chiropractor, Dr.S. Mior,  in the Journal of Pain 2001;17:S1-S132 stating that chiropractic adjustments are more effective for chronic low back pain than usual care by medical doctors, bedrest, or massage. That research was derived from a multidisciplinary panel and a review of scientific evidence by the Ontario Institute of Work & Health in Toronto and by the Cochrane Collaboration’s international centre for review of back pain research. One medical member of that panel, Dr. Teasell detailed many chemical activities that occur when nerves become overexcited (eg. glutamine, aspartate, substance P) and which can perpetuate such pains. The terms “dysfunction’ and ‘dysafferentation’ have become more commonplace and certainly more meaningful terms that talking about strains.

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On November 19, 2004 the U.K. “BEAM” trial convincingly showed that chiropractic manipulation alone and chiropractic manipulation followed by exercise provide cost-effective benefits for low back pain patients.
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In 2004 in the Journal of Manipulative & Physiological Therapeutics;2004;27 a practice-based study of 2,870 low back patients over 4 years  determined that patients heavily preferred chiropractic care over medical management.
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Cote in Pain 2004 and Gross in Spine 2004 reported on the Cochrane review of spinal manipulative therapy and concluded that manipulation and manipulation plus exercise are more effective than physiotherapy or usual medical care.

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Haas et al in Journal of Manipulative & Physiologic Therapeutics 2004;27:160 concluded form studying 2,870 low back pain patients that there was a higher rate of satisfaction with chiropractic care compared to usual medical management.
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Hurwitz and Morgenstern in Spine 2006;31(6):611 published results of an 18 month trial from UCLA, a federal government-funded randomized trial of 681 patients over 3 years in which they reported that the group receiving manipulative therapy had the best results for back pain and disability.
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In  2005 the U.S. government Department of Health and Human Services in conjunction with the Foundation for Chiropractic Education and Research studied 2,870 patients and concluded better relief, faster recovery from disability and more cost-effective results with chiropractic care than with usual medical care.
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in 2006 the U.K government’s Health & Safety Executive established a Musculoskeletal Disorders Programme reviewing evidence and they concluded that “the professional best placed to provide evidence-based and effective management of musculoskeletal disorders is the chiropractor.”
 
   
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